Basic Data

The Czech Republic is a democratic country situated in the heart of Central Europe. It is a landlocked country which lays 326 km from the Baltic sea and 322 km from the Adriatic sea. It shares borders with Germany, Poland, Austria and Slovakia. Population of the Czech Republic is over 10 million inhabitants and it covers the area of 78,000 sq km.

The divide between the two principal mountain systems in Europe – the Hercynian and Alpine-Himalayan – runs through the Czech territory. The country´s topography is therefore quite varied: plains (4,5 % of the country), hills (50,1 %), highlands (33,9 %) and mountains (11,6 %). Altitude levels: lowland regions bellow 200 m above the sea level make up 4,95 % of the country, regions of 200–500 m above the sea level make up 74,1%, regions of 600–1,000 m above the sea level 19,3 % and regions of over 1,000 m above the sea level 1,6 % of the total area. The highest point of elevation is Snezka (1,602 m above the sea level) and the lowest point of elevation is near Hrensko where the River Labe leaves the Czech territory (117 m above the sea level).

Economic structure

(share of economic sectors and subsectors in GDP; 1Q 2011):

  • Agriculture 2,3 %
  • Industry 33,8 % (Manufacturing 22,7 %, Construction 6 %)
  • Services 58 % (Trade, hotels and restaurants, transport 21,2 %, Financial and business services 16,6 %)

Natural resources: hard coal, soft coal, clay, graphite, timber

Land use: arable land 41 %, permanent crops 2 %, permanent pastures 11 %, forests and woodland 34 %, other 12 %

Population and religion

  • Population: 10,38 million
  • Education: compulsory 9-year school attendance (from the age of 6), about 4 million people have the complete secondary education and 0,5 million university education
  • Official language: Czech
  • Ethnic composition: Czech [Bohemian] – 94,7 % (Czech 81,1 %, Moravian 13,2 %, Silesian 0,4 %); Slovak – 3,1 %; Romany [Gypsy] – 1,3 %; Polish – 0,6 %; German – 0,5 %; other – 0,6 %.
  • Religions: Roman Catholic – 39,2 %; Protestant – 4,1 %; Orthodox 3 %; non-believers and atheists – 39,7 %; other 13,4 %
  • Age structure: 0–14 years 14,2 %; 15–64 years 71,2 %; 65+ years 14,6 %
  • Life expectancy: total population 76,73 years, male 73,7 years; female 79,9 years
  • Largest cities: Prague (capital), Brno, Ostrava, Plzen, Olomouc, Liberec, Hradec Kralove

Currency

  • 1 crown (koruna – Kc) = 100 hellers (hal)
  • Notes come in 5 000, 2 000, 1 000, 500, 200, 100 crown sizes, coins in 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 crown sizes.
  • Check out the exchange rates updated daily by Czech National Bank (CNB).
  • Czech Republic is not yet a part of the European Union EuroZone and therefore paying in EUR is possible rather exceptionally (in some hotels, restaurants or stores mainly in Prague and other large cities).

Geographical position

  • Total area: 78,866 sq. kilometres
  • Latitude 49–51 degrees N and longitude 12–19 degrees E
  • Length of state borders: 2,303 kilometres
  • Neighboring states (length of state borders): Austria (466 km), Germany (810 km), Poland (762 km), Slovakia (265 km)

Climate

  • Mild continental; temperate, a mixture of oceanic and continental, the average winter temperature is 5 degrees C, the average summer temperature is 20 degrees C
  • Annual precipitation: 500–700 mm
  • Average height above the sea level: 450 metres (the European average is 315 m)
  • The longest rivers: Labe 1,165 km (415 km in the country), Vltava 433 km

Time zone

  • GMT plus 1 hour, from April to October summer time – GMT plus 2 hours

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