Liberec region

31. 8. 2011

Bordering Germany and Poland, the Liberec region offers a favorable location to companies that have customers in these two countries.

Geography

The Liberec Region comprises of the Česká Lípa, Jablonec nad Nisou, Liberec, and Semily Districts situated in the north of the Czech Republic. The territory includes the northern part of the Česká kotlina basin, the Jizerské hory, the western part of Krkonoše and the eastern part of Lužické hory. The northern part of the region borders with the Federal Republic of Germany in the length of 20 km and Poland in the length of 130 km. The Region neighbours the Královéhradecký Region in the east, the Středočeský Region in the south, and the Ústí Region in the west.

The Liberec Region is in Northern Czech Republic and comprises four districts: Liberec, Jablonec nad Nisou, Semily, and Česká Lípa, with a total area of 3,163 km2. The Region occupies 4% of the area of the Czech Republic, making it the second smallest in the country after Prague. Approximately 434 000 inhabitants have their permanent address here. The population density is slightly above the average of the country.

The whole Region is generally mountainous, it has an upland character. The highest point is the 1,435 m high Peak Kotel situated near Harrachov in the Semily District. The lowest point of 208 m above sea level lies in the Liberec District. The most famous peak of the Region is Ještěd (1,012 m), the highest point of the Ještěd mountain range. The climate in the north-eastern part of the Region (the Jizera Mountains, the Giant Mountains with its foothills) belongs to a rather cold area, while the western and south-western parts have conditions of a slightly warm area. Three rivers gather water from the Region: the basin of the River Ploučnice in the west, the basin of the River Labe in the east, and the basin of the River Odra (Nisa) in the north. Supplies of ground water are mainly found near the southern border, while there is a protected area of natural accumulation of surface water in the north-east. Mineral water and healing peat sources are also found in the Region.

There are 5 protected landscape areas in the Region: České středohoří (the Bohemian Low Mountain Range), Jizerské hory, Lužické hory, Český ráj (the Bohemian Paradise), and Kokořínsko (the Kokořín Area); 7 national nature reserves, 8 national nature monuments, 36 nature reserves, and 61 nature monuments.

The Region is rich in foundry and glass sands of a good quality. It used to be important for ornamental and building stone as well (e.g. granite from Liberec, chalk slate from Železný Brod, quality basalt and quartzite, etc.), nowadays, the quarrying focuses on mining of sand, gravel and broken stone aggregates.

Human resources

Employment in industry is one of the highest in the whole country – some 45 % of the active population work in industry. This reflects the long industrial tradition of the region, which, at the beginning of the 20th century, led to the establishment of the Technical University in Liberec, one of the leading technical schools in the country. Liberec also has the renowned Research Institute of Textile Machinery. The region has a number of higher tertiary vocational schools, secondary technical schools and vocational training centres. This means that skilled technical labour force is and will be easy to find in this region.

Economy

The region has traditionally had very little heavy industry - light industry has been predominant. The traditional industries of the region are the glass & jewellery, textile and mechanical engineering – small glass and textile manufactures were among the first industries in the country in the 18th century. These traditional sectors were later replaced in importance by the manufacture of automotive parts, machinery production and electrical engineering but still remain an important source of employment and revenue for the region. Production of machinery and equipment, metalworking and plastics also belong among the major sectors.

The gross domestic product per capita in 2009 amounted to 69.5 % of the CR’s, which equals 55.8 % of the EU GDP.

Most of the region is easily accessible from Prague and the rest of the Czech Republic via the motorway connecting Liberec and Prague. Thanks to the motorway and its proximity to Skoda Auto’s car plants the region has attracted many automotive parts manufacturers. Liberec is indeed a highly industrialized region – nearly 45 % of all active population works in industry.

Social affairs

The Liberec Region is characteristic with a number of secondary schools of art. Glass and imitation-jewellery secondary schools of applied arts are especially worth mentioning as well as the Technical University of Liberec.

Basic health care is provided by a network of out-patient establishments and pharmacies. Acute care, care of chronic patients and physiotherapeutic care is provided by a network of eight hospitals. The most important hospital is the Liberec Hospital. The Institute of the Arm and Plastic Surgery in the town of Vysoké nad Jizerou is an establishment of a multi-regional significance. There are two balneological centres in the Region to treat rheumatism and diseases of locomotive organs, heart, and a blood circulation system – Spa Libverda and Spa Kunratice.

Culture

The Liberec Region has a rich tradition represented by many historical buildings and monuments, such as the North-Bohemian Museum in Liberec, the Regional Gallery in Liberec, the State Scientific Library in Liberec, the F. X. Šalda Theatre, the Naive Theatre, or the Zoological and Botanical Gardens in Liberec. A number of museums and galleries are scattered about the Region. Those interested in tradition of glass and artificial jewellery can visit, for example, museums of glass making in Nový Bor, Kamenický Šenov and Železný Brod or the Museum of glass and artificial jewellery in Jablonec nad Nisou, the Czech Paradise Museum in Turnov with collections from the area of geology, mineralogy and documentation of goldsmith’s art and jewellery making, which are unique not only within the Czech Republic but also as in Europe.

Tourism

The Liberec Region is a well-known place for the tourism. Foreigners as well as Czechs come to enjoy exceptional landscape, see nature formations, historic monuments and other places of interest. There are many specific areas in the Region that are strongly linked to tourism: the western parts of the Giant Mountains, the Jizera Mountains, the Turnov Area – the Bohemian Paradise, the town of Doksy and its surroundings, the Lužice Mountains and the Giant Mountains foothills.

Attractions of national heritage significance include religious buildings and castles, such as Bezděz, Zákupy, Lemberk, Frýdlant v Čechách, Sychrov, Hrubý Rohozec and Valdštejn. Many reservoirs and lakes are found in the Region, the most well-known is Máchovo Jezero. Visitors can use accommodation establishments with a total capacity more or less forty thousand bed places in collective tourist accommodation establishments of various categories. Quite a number of individual recreation establishments can be found in the Region, especially in the Česká Lípa and Semily Districts. Important road and railway border crossings and many border crossings for pedestrians help develop the tourism of the Region.

Cross-border cooperation

The territory of the Liberec Region also includes a part of the Euroregion Neisse-Nisa-Nysa. It is a euroregion of three border areas located on the territory where borders of the Czech Republic, Federal Republic of Germany and Polish Republic meet. The Euroregion Neisse-Nisa-Nysa is the first euroregion established on the Czech border. The Euroregion Neisse-Nisa-Nysa covers the area of 12,577 square kilometres; the Czech Rep. covers 19.8 %, Poland 44.5 % and Germany 35.7 %. About 1,5 million inhabitants live there, out of which 24.1 % live on the Czech territory, 36.7 % in Poland and 39.2 % in Germany.

Region`s website