31. 8. 2011
Located in the centre of the country, the Pardubice region offers an easy access to all parts of the Czech Republic.
The Pardubice Region is located in the East of Bohemia. The position of the Region is further determined by the neighbouring Regions: Central Bohemian, Hradec Králové, Olomouc, South Bohemian, and Vysočina regions. The Hradec Králové, Liberec and Pardubice Regions together form a NUTS 2 territory – The Northeast. A part of the northeast border of the region creates the national border between the Czech Republic and Poland. The borders of the region are further formed by southern parts of Orlické hory (the Eagle Mountains) and westernmost parts of the Hrubý Jeseník Mountain Range. The highland parts of Železné hory (the Iron Mountains) together with Žďárské vrchy (the Žďár Hills) line the south and southeast, while the the Labe lowland is situated in the central and western parts. Orlické hory, Žďárské vrchy, and Železné hory are protected landscape areas.
The region covers the area of 4,519 km2 (5.7 % of the CR’s area). Agricultural land covers 60.4 % of the total area out of which 44.2 % is arable land. Forest land covers 29.5 % of the region’s area. The highest point of the region is the Králický Sněžník Mount (1,424 m above sea level), which is the third highest point in the CR. The Králický Sněžník Mount area with remains of original vegetation and moorland has been declared a national nature reserve. The lowest point of the region is the surface of the Labe River at Kojice (201 m above sea level) near the western border of the region.
The Pardubice Region comprises four districts (Chrudim, Pardubice, Svitavy, and Ústí nad Orlicí), and 451 municipalities. The average cadastral area of a municipality is 10.0 km2. The average number of population is 1,128 inhabitants which ranks the region tenth in the CR. A close cooperation among municipalities is a basis for a gradual process of forming micro-regions, which is one of the region’s strengths that should contribute to its overall development.
The environment quality varies throughout the region, mainly due to a great diversity of natural conditions, settlement, industrial and agricultural activities. The foothill and upland areas of central and northern parts of the Ústí nad Orlicí District lack large settlements; while southern parts of the Chrudim District suffer from impacts of human activities. It mainly concerns industrial activities in the the Pardubice area where chemical and power plants are cocentrated (Paramo and Synthesia chemical plants, Opatovice and Chvaletice power plants). They cause a serious environmental problem within the whole CR.
Regarding water management, the Pardubice Region is an extraordinary important area with excessive water supplies of ground as well as surface water. The Region involves many headstreams with no inflow pollution from other catchments areas. The three largest water surface areas are the Seč Reservoir on the Chrudimka River, the Bohdaneč Pond on the Opatovice River Channel and the Pastviny Dam on the Divoká Orlice River. Some parts of the Region are under large-scale protection measures, i.e. they involve water protection zones or natural water accumulation protected areas (CHOPAV). The ground water supplies are connected particularly with synclines of the Czech Cretaceous Basin in eastern Bohemia and with the Labe quaternary sediments.
The Region’s population is 511,400 which represent 4.9 % of the CR’s total population. The most populated districts are Pardubice, Ústí nad Orlicí, Svitavy and Chrudim. The most populated towns are Pardubice, Chrudim and Svitavy.
The economy of the region is based on industry, and on commercial and public services. The structure of industrial production is varied. General engineering is the strongest industrial branch in the region, followed by textiles, clothing and leather processing. No other Czech region has such a large chemical industry. The agricultural sector is also important. The total area of the region consists of agricultural land 60,75 %, forests 29 %, and water 1.35 %. The economic prosperity of the region is also influenced by the fact that a major European railway corridor runs through it. Air and river transport are also available. Due to the good infrastructure there is increased interest from foreign investors in opening their businesses in the industrial zones that have been set up near the major towns.
The Pardubice Region has plenty of attractive natural and recreational areas, historical monuments and interesting sights for tourists. The protected landscape areas include the Železné mountains and the Orlické mountains, Žďárské vrchy, the area of Králický Sněžník, the highest mountain range in the region with a highest point of 1423 m, and the landscape along the Elbe river.
Medieval castles established from the 13th century onwards at strategic points in the region are among the most valuable architectural monuments. The dominant feature of the Železné mountains is Lichnice Castle. The ruins of Oheb Castle overlooking Seč dam offer a wonderful viewpoint for tourists. Rychmburk Castle dominates the southern part of the region. The ruins of medieval feudal residences scattered in the Železné mountains and near the Orlické mountains are also well worth visiting, as are the Svojšice fortress near Pardubice. Lanšperk, Brandýs and Žampach, in the Ústí nad Orlicí area, and the small castles at Žumberk and Rabštejn in the Chrudim district are also recommended. The Košumberk Castle ruins near Luže are of particular historical value. The most significant historical monuments in the region are connected with the noble Pernštejn family, from Moravia, who had two huge castles built, at Litice on the Orlice and on Kunětická hora near Pardubice.
- the lowest number of abortions per 100 births
- the lowest share of employed foreigners holding valid trade licence
- the highest share of machinery and transport equipment in export from the region
- the highest number of calves per 100 cows
- the highest number of hens per 100 ha of arable land
- the second lowest labour productivity in construction work
- the second lowest waste generation of businesses per capita
- the second lowest number of hospitalized patients per 1,000 population
- the second lowest number of fires per 1,000 population
- the second lowest number of prosecuted/investigated persons per 1,000 population
- the second highest turnout in election into regional councils held on 17-18 October 2008
- the second highest share of cattle per 100 ha of agricultural land
- the third lowest share of GDP per employee
- the third lowest share of population living in houses connected to public sewerage systems
- the third lowest number of crimes per 1,000 population
- the third lowest number of collective accommodation establishments
- the third lowest average price for accommodation in collective tourist accommodation establishments
- the third highest share of population living in municipalities under 1,000 inhabitants
- the third highest share of agricultural land in total area of the Region
- the third highest share of export per capita
- the fourth lowest average gross monthly wage in industry (enterprises with 100 employees or more)
- the fourth lowest average monthly amount of full old-age pensions
- the fourth highest number of dwellings started per 1,000 population