South Moravian region
31. 8. 2011
This South Moravian shares borders with Austria and Slovakia and offers excellent location opportunities to companies wishing to export either to Slovakia, Hungary and Southeast Europe, or to Austria, Italy and other EU countries. South Moravia also has the potential to become the high-tech center of the whole CR.
The South Moravian Region lies in the southeast of the Czech Republic on the borders with Austria and Slovakia. The region is home to the Czech Republic’s second largest city Brno, an important judiciary city, a university town and a Central European trade fair centre with a long tradition in the organisation of trade fairs, which attract more than a million people from all over the world each year.
With its area of 719,555 ha and population of more than 1,141 thousand inhabitants, the region ranks fourth in the Czech Republic. Location of the Region is rather favourable from geographical point of view as it lies on a historical connection between the south and the north of Europe. Within the EU its neighbours are Slovakia and Austria and within the Czech Republic it neighbours with the South Bohemian, Pardubice, Olomouc, Zlín and Vysočina Regions.
The South Moravian Region is a region with great economic potential. The region’s traditional industries were mechanical engineering and processing but the arrival of foreign high-tech companies with new technologies has been changing the economic profile of the region. Engineering is still the most important sector, with significant production of equipment for the energy sector, farming machinery and so on. Other major industries include electrical engineering (including the production of measuring equipment and medical devices), food processing, textile and clothing and the printing industry.
The number of businesses in computer technology, telecommunications, software development and other hi-tech fields has been increasing significantly, particularly in recent years. The South Moravian Region offers significant support to the development of technology and biotechnology incubators designed for new companies. An above-average education level of inhabitants in the region is also caused by a quality higher education system.
Agriculture in the South Moravian Region is also of a high standard. 60 % of the area of the region is made up of agricultural land, of which 83 % is arable land. A particular speciality of South Moravia is winegrowing of a European standard, with more than 90 % of the area of vineyards in the Czech Republic being found in the region. There are a great many small wine producers and wine cellars in the region. The cultivation of fruit and vegetables also has a strong tradition here. The north of the region is an important area for forestry and wood production.
Being the second largest city of the country, Brno influences the economy of the entire region. Brno and the surrounding areas have recently become a target for several foreign electronics companies which are now attracting suppliers to the area. Southern parts of the region have well-developed farming on fertile land, well known for wine production.
The Czech Technology Park in Brno was the first high-tech park in the country and has attracted a number of investors including IBM and Silicon Graphics. According to a recent study Brno offers the best conditions in the Czech Republic for companies active in advanced technologies and e-business. The Brno Fair and Exhibition Grounds (BVV) run many international and local fairs every year and are the site of a World Trade Center and a Business Innovation Center.
The region enjoys excellent transport links and a strategic position on the intersection of trans-European long-distance road and rail routes which are important arteries connecting the west of Europe with the east, and the north with the south. The Brno airport has international status and handles passenger and cargo charter flights. Prague and Vienna airports are both approximately a two-hour drive from Brno and thus offer a choice for both passengers and cargo. The D1 motorway from Prague is divided into two directions in Brno: southeast to Bratislava, Slovakia and Hungary, and north towards Olomouc and Ostrava. Two European railway lines meet in Brno: the Berlin–Prague–Vienna line and the Warsaw–Ostrava–Vienna line.
South Moravia is among the most significant tourism destination within the Czech Republic with many attractions. South Moravia is a region with extensive cultural and historical roots and a great many important architectural monuments in all architectural styles. Two of these, Villa Tugendhat in Brno and Lednice-Valtice, have been placed on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. UNESCO also protects two biosphere reservations in the region - Dolní Morava (which includes Pálava protected landscape area, the Lednice - Valtice grounds and the Dyje and Morava confluence area) and the White Carpathian Mountains.
The Dyje Basin, one of the Czech Republic’s four national parks, is also found here. The protected landscape area the Moravian Karst offers visitors extensive systems of stalactite caves and the Macocha Gorge. Slavkov or Austerlitz, the site of the Battle of the Three Emperors, is also world-famous. The mammoth hunters also left their footprints here at the dawn of human history. The most famous archaeological site is found in Dolní Věstonice where the world renowned Venus statuette comes from. Other archaeological sites (Mikulčice and Pohansko for example) testify to the fame and fortune of the Great Moravian Empire.
In addition to cultural monuments and areas of natural beauty, tourists are also attracted to South Moravia by its living traditions and the warmth and hospitality of its people. Its folklore, including music, dance, language, folk costumes, applied art and craftwork, is no mere show for tourists, but a real part of the life of the region. The significance of this heritage is proven by the inscription of a men’s recruitment solo dance - the verbuňk, on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List. The region’s cycle paths, including its popular wine paths offer a unique way of getting to know the South Moravian Region. Automobile and motorbike races at Masaryk Circuit, including an annual race in the world motorbike championship calendar, attract lovers of powerful engines.
Historical and cultural ties of the Weinviertel, South Moravian and West Slovakian (Záhorie) regions have resulted in the establishment of the Weinviertel–Pomoraví–Zahorie euroregion. This form of supra-national cooperation originated in 1997 and connects 270 villages with a total of over one million inhabitants. The main tasks of communal and regional co-operation include the joint foundation of economic centres, support of wine tourism, the protection of nature in the border national parks and bio-spheric reserves and joint projects in the field of education and the labour market.
South Moravia is the third largest region in terms of population. The greater Brno area has nearly 400,000 inhabitants. Unemployment in the northern parts of the region is just below the Czech national average while districts in the south have higher unemployment. Given the relatively high population density and well-developed transport infrastructure, attracting labour is not an issue.
Brno is the largest and most important educational center in the Czech Republic after Prague. The Masaryk University has faculties of Information Science, Law, Economics, Natural Sciences, and other. The Brno Technical University (VUT) (with faculties of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Mechanical Engineering and other) has a very good reputation. Other universities include the Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry and the University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences. There are military academies in Brno and Vyskov. The region also has a number of higher tertiary vocational schools, secondary vocational schools and vocational training centers. Brno is the home to 17 research institutes of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Given the labour force availability, good infrastructure and the presence of universities, South Moravia is the potential high-tech center of the country.
Based on the information from the Czech Statistical Office and the official portal of the South Moravian Region.