30. 8. 2011
Located on the border with Slovakia, the region offers good location opportunities for companies wishing to export to Slovakia, Austria, Hungary and South-Eastern Europe. The district of Vsetin offers a good access to the neighboring Ostrava region and further north to Poland.
The region is located in the eastern part of the CR. It borders with Slovakia in the east, the South Moravian Region in the southwest, the Olomouc Region in the northwest, and the Moravia–Silesia Region in the north. It is the fourth smallest region of the CR covering the area of 3,964 km2. It comprises of 304 municipalities.
The character of the Region’s territory is very diverse with predominant hilly parts. The flat fertile areas of Haná and Slovácko stretch around the Morava River basin in the Kroměříž and Uherské Hradiště districts. The Moravskoslezské Beskydy mountains with the highest pek Čertův mlýn (1,206 m) are situated in the northern part of the region, the Javorníky mountains with its highest peak Velký Javorník (1,071 m) are found in the east and the Bílé Karpaty mountains form the borders with Slovakia in the south. The highlands of Hostýnsko–Vsetínská hornatina and Vizovická vrchovina pass south of Moravskoslezské Beskydy. The region’s climate is rather favourable.
There is a large protected landscape area in the Zlínský Region. Large-area territories include two protected landscape regions (CHKO): Beskydy and Bílé Karpaty (White Carpathians) that cover approximately 30 % of the area. The protected landscape region of Bílé Karpaty belongs to six biosphere reservations of UNESCO in the Czech Republic. Further, there are also 38 natural reservations of which 6 national and 122 nature monuments. In July 2000, an association of legal persons "Euroregion Bílé - Biele Karpaty" focusing on versatile development of cross-border co-operation of the regions was established.
One of the Czech Republic´s main railway lines runs through the entire region, making rail transportation an easy option. All places in the region are within a 90-minute drive from one of the following international airports in Brno, Ostrava, Vienna, and Bratislava.
591,042 inhabitants lived in the region at the end of 2009. The density of population of 149 inhabitants per km² distinctively exceeds the national average. The highest density of population is in the Zlín District (187 inhabitants per km²) and the lowest in the Vsetín District (128 inhabitants per km²). Nearly 40 % of the region`s population is employed in industry – significantly more than in any other Czech region. Skilled labour force in a range of sectors is readily available – the Kromeriz and Vsetin regions have above average unemployment. Zlín’s well-developed educational system for industrial professions dates back to the Bata times. The long-established technological faculty and the faculty of management and economics were incorporated into the new University of Tomas Bata in January 2001. In addition to standard technology courses the University offers unique study programs in plastics and rubber processing, footwear industry technologies and leather processing. The region also has a number of higher professional schools, secondary technical schools and vocational training centres, including two film schools.
The region has a long and rich industrial tradition: “the Czech Henry Ford”, Tomas Bata, set up his famous footwear company in Zlín in 1894 and expanded to other countries. Other sectors include rubber production, engineering and film-making. The entrepreneurial spirit of Tomas Bata is still felt – Zlín has the highest number of new start-ups in the Czech Republic. Southern parts of the region are also known for farming and fruit-growing.
The core of the Zlín region’s economy lies in the rubber industry, footwear industry, general engineering, textile, clothing and leather sectors, and electrical engineering. Other major industries include plastics, chemicals and automotive components.
There are two universities in the region: the Tomas Bata University in Zlín and the European Polytechnical Institute in Kunovice.
Economy in the Region has been based based primarily on capitalisation of input raw materials and semi-finished products. Export in the Region has been negatively influenced by its position within the CR. Regarding the gross domestic product generation; the Zlínský Region ranks ninth among regions of the CR. In 2009, the average value of GDP per capita reached CZK 286,977 (in current prices) in the Region.
Established in the year 2000, the the White Carpathians Euroregion incorporates the whole area of the Zlín Region, the Self-governing Region of Trenčín and the surroundings of the village of Velká nad Veličkou (the Region of South Moravia), up to which the foothills of the White Carpathians stretch. Covering an area of 8,609 sq km, the Euroregion has a population of more than 1.2 million. It incorporates associations of towns and villages, universities, economic establishments, companies and civic initiatives. The main objectives of mutual Czech-Slovak cooperation are taking care of human resources, the protection of the White Carpathians biospheric reserve, the development of tourism and small and medium-sized enterprises and the development of transport and technical infrastructure. The secretariat of the Czech part is based in Zlín, the Slovak part has its headquarters in Trenčín.
The Zlín Region is a typical tourist region mainly due to its nature and cultural as well as historical monuments. There is no other area in the Czech Republic offering mountains, garden architecture, spas, wine valleys, remains of the Great Moravia Empire, series of religious monuments and historically valuable buildings as well as a unique example of modern Baťa’s functional architecture. The fact that three ethnographic units – fertile Haná, generous Slovácko and typical Valašsko – meat in the region also contributes to the uniqueness of the region.
Ten thousand visitors arrive to the biggest Moravian spa Luhačovice every year in order to relax and gain health. The spa has a long tradition in treatments of the respiratory system, the digestive system, diabetes and locomotive organs. Curative springs, favourable climatic conditions and the typical architecture also attract many visitors both from the CR and abroad.
A worldwide appreciation is given to the Podzámecká and Květná gardens and the archiepiscopal castle in Kroměříž, which are entered in the UNESCO List of World Cultural Heritage. Worth mentioning is also Holešov with its museum of Jewish culture, the gothic castle Buchlov, the baroque castle in Buchlovice or the Velehrad pilgrimage place as well as the unique monument of Great Moravia in Staré Město, the open-air museum in Rožnov pod Radhoštěm, buildings in Pustevny, the statute of the Radegast pagan god or the sculptural group of Cyril and Metoděj in Radhošť.
The Summer Film School in Uherské Hradiště and the International Film Festival for Children and the Youth in Zlín have a worldwide reputation as well.