Environmental Rules

motiv článku - Environmental Rules The text contains legal regulations, an overview of environmental protection tools and other information about protection and evaluation in the area of the environment in the Czech Republic.

Legal requirements

The legal regulations in the area of the environment in the Czech Republic include protecting the individual parts of the environment and are implemented through approximately twenty individual bills with a host of related implementation provisions. The Ministry of the Environment, the Czech Environmental Inspectorate, regional and municipal Offices and the Agency for Nature Conservation and Landscape Protection of the Czech Republic are responsible for the implementation of most of the European environmental legislation. During implementation, other departments also play an important role, especially the Ministry of Health Care, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry for Regional Development and Ministry of Agriculture.

The compliance with environmental standards in the form of European regulations and decrees is mandatory due to their implementation into national legislation. In the end, however, it may lead to significant benefits for companies. Compliance with the environmental regulations is managed through a system of economic tools, especially with the help of positive stimulation in the form of subsidies, guaranteed loans, soft loans, tax advantages, and others. Aside from that, those companies who comply with environmental standards enjoy a better image, and, consequently, a competitive advantage on the national and international markets. There is also direct impact on the costs (for instance, a smaller amount of waste means lower cost of processing waste; introduction of new technologies not only saves energy but also increases productivity, etc.).

Overview of environmental protection tools

In the area of environmental legislation, the administrative and economic tools play the most important role. For certain activities, pre-conditions are defined, such as the need for an authorisation or an approval of a state body, the obligation to observe certain orders and bans, such as emission limits, reporting duty, preventive and remedial measures. Among the economic tools, fees play the most important role (fees for air pollution, waste deposits, wastewater discharge, collection of surface and ground water, etc.), as well as taxes (environmental taxes, tax relief). Obligations are defined either directly by law or by a permit of an administrative body. In decision-making, administrative bodies observe the rules of administrative procedure and the individual environmental regulations. The Czech Environmental Inspectorate carries out most of the compliance monitoring.

Assessing environmental impact (EIA, SEA)

Assessment of environmental impact is a specific procedure, the goal of which is to evaluate the influence of certain intent on the environment prior to deciding on the implementation of such intent. The environmental impact assessment is carried out in the form of conceptual or strategic assessment (SEA), as well as in the form of the specific impact assessment (EIA). The basic regulation in this area is implemented by the Act on Environmental Impact Assessment (Act No. 100/2001 Coll., as amended).

Integrated environmental protection (IPPC)

IPPC or Integrated Pollution Prevention & Control represents an environmental protection tool that is intended to assess the effects on the environment and human health in a comprehensive manner. It is a special administrative procedure, mandatory for only a group of facilities defined by law, during which the decision is made on identifying binding conditions of operation of such a facility.

Companies may, based on their own initiative, reach beyond the framework of minimal requirements of environmental protection and support it even more through their own measures.


The following governmental and non-governmental institutions and web portals offer further information and useful services related to environmental protection.


Grants, guaranteed loans, soft loans, tax advantages and other economic aid mechanisms have been set up to encourage businesses to comply with environmental laws.

The following are some of the programmes:

Personalised help and advice

The Enterprise Europe Network is an extensive network (with 600 host organisations and 4 000 full-time staff) providing information and advice to entrepreneurs through its local partners.

Document created in co-operation between Your Europe - Business (EU portal for companies) and BusinessInfo.cz.