The region has traditionally been described as having a mixed agricultural and industrial economy but actually only 6,7 of the active population are employed in farming. Processing industries account for a major part of the economic activities in this region.
The Hradec Králové Region stretches over the north eastern parts of Bohemia. The international border with Poland (about 208 km) accounts for more than one third of the total borderline length of the region. Together with the neighbouring Liberec and Pardubice Regions it makes up a part of the territorial unit Northeast, which is one of the biggest areas of the Czech Republic both as for area and population. The last neighbour is the Central Bohemian Region. Hradec Králové is 112 km far from the Capital City of Prague.
There are Krkonoše (the Giant Mountains) and Orlické hory (the Eagle Mountains) in the north and northeast passing to fertile Polabská nížina (the Elbe lowland). Both mountain ranges are separated by Broumovský výběžek which used to be a flat basin between two mountain ranges. The nature created there large rock towns – the Teplice Rocks and the Adršpach Rocks, Broumov Hills, Křížový vrch (Cross Hill) and Ostaš. This area belongs to the most abundant water reservoirs of the best quality in the Czech Republic. An important part of the territory comprises of the Krkonoše foothills and Orlické hory. Main watercourses are the Elbe with its tributaries Orlice and Metuje. The highest point of both the region and the Czech Republic is Mount Sněžka (1,602 m above sea level) in Krkonoše. The lowest point is the surface of the River Labe where it leaves the territory of the Hradec Králové District (202 m above sea level).
The territory of the region comprises of five districts: Hradec Králové, Jičín, Náchod, Rychnov nad Kněžnou, and Trutnov. The area of 4,758 km2 ranks the region ninth among the CR´s regions. The region takes 6.0 % of the total CR´s area. The agricultural land covers 58.7 % of the region´s territory and the share of arable land is 40.6 % while forests covered 31.0 % of the territory. The biggest district is Trutnov covering almost one fourth of the region´s territory followed by the Rychnov nad Kněžnou district with 21.0 %. The three remaining districts have about 18.0 % each.
The Hradec Králové Region has approx. 554 thousand inhabitants, which is 5.3 % of the total CR´s population. The Hradec Králové district is the most populated district, the less populated district is the Jičín District. With its 116 inhabitants per square kilometre the Region is below the national average (132 inhabitants per sq km). The population density differs by districts; the highest is in the Hradec Králové district (181 inhabitants per sq km) and the lowest in the Rychnov nad Kněžnou district (81 inhabitants per sq km).
The region ranks second (following the Capital City of Prague, 15.6 %) in the share of population aged 65+ (15.3 %). An average age of males and females is also above the national average.
The Hradec Králové region is an agricultural and industrial region with well-developed tourism. The industry is concentrated in big towns, intensive agriculture in the Elbe lowland (Polabí). The biggest concentration of tourism in the Czech Republic is in the Krkonoše mountain. Two thirds of the area of the Krkonoše National Park lie in the region’s territory and the most valuable localities of the Park can be found in the region’s territory. The following belong to the protected landscape areas: Broumovsko, Orlické hory, and Český ráj.
The Region’s gross domestic product accounted for only 4.5 % of the CR’s GDP, but converted to GDP per inhabitant it amounts to approx. 84 % of national average and ranks sixth in the CR (after Prague, Středočeský, Plzeňský, Jihomoravský, and Jihočeský regions).
The crop production focuses on cereals (wheat and barley), rape and maize, with industrial sugar beet production playing a major role. Animal production focuses on raising cattle and pigs. Manufacturing (mainly manufacture of textiles and textile products, electrical and optical equipment) prevails over other industries. However, the region does not rank among key industrial areas.
There are almost one thousand hotels accomodating more then 800,000 guests including about 224,000 foreigners coming from Germany, the Netherlands and Poland. The average length of stays per guest was incomplete 5 days. There are 70 % of collective accommodation establishments in the Trutnov district (there are Krkonoše – the Giant Mountains).
A whole range of cross-border co-operation has been developed over the last years. Euroregion Glacensis was established in 1995 as one of the Euroregions covering the Czech–Polish border areas.
- the highest point: 1,602 m (Sněžka, the highest peak of the Czech Republic)
- the highest yields of crops per hectare of cereals, total (tonnes)
- the second highest percentage of population by age 65+
- the second lowest percentage of population by age 15 – 64 let
- the second highest average age of population (together with Plzeňský Region)
- the second highest males expectation of life
- the second lowest forestation area (ha)
- the second highest apple harvested
- the second lowest industrial activity sales in industrial enterprises with 100 employees or more
- the second lowest construction work of contractors and subcontractors in the CR by location of site in the region per 1 000 population
- the second highest number of tourist accommodation establishments
- the third lowest percentage of wastewater treated
- the third lowest average monthly gross wages per employees in industrial enterprises with 100 employees or more
- the third highest number of born calves per cow
- the third highest number of beds in tourist accommodation establishments
- the third highest number of overnight stays and average time of stay in tourist accommodation establishments