The Czech market is considered to be quite open with a decreasing tendency of non-tariff barriers. It is very similar to other European Union (EU) countries´ systems of custom tariff and non-tariff measures. The Czech Republic joined the EU in May 2004 and the customs and other market access conditions are harmonized with those of the EU. This means that the trade measures and trade regulations are adopted in favour of more free trade environment.
Customs Tariffs and Non-Tariff Barriers
Customs System of the Czech Republic
Information on transport of goods accross Czech national boarders, customs legislation, statistics on intra-Community trade, VAT related issues, preferential agreements, or Authorized Economic Operator is contained in the following document.
Czech Statistical Office
Since January 2004 all outputs of external trade statistics are provided exclusively by the Czech Statistical Office (CZSO). External trade statistics cover all goods that increase or decrease material inventories of the Czech Republic by coming into the economic territory of the Czech Republic (imports) or leaving the economic territory of the Czech Republic (exports). The following statistical data are available: Reference period; Flow; Commodity; Partnership country; Net mass; Supplementary unit codes (with some commodities only); Volume in supplementary unit; Statistical value. The application uses the following 3 commodity classifications – Harmonized System, Combined Nomenclature and SITC.
Czech Customs Authority
The Czech Customs Authority site also offers information about trade (export and import) such as guides, official information on tariffs, or databases.
EU Market Access Database
European Union Market Access Database is a website developed by the European Commission in order to help companies from the EU countries to obtain online information about customs tariffs, trade barriers, contacts, statistics and other useful market access information. Note: the full access is only for the EU member states (for companies from the EU countries).
UNCTAD provides information on trade statistics, tariffs and no-tariff barriers covering more than 160 countries. In respect of finding basic information about the market access this database seems to be of great value amongst other online sources covering the Czech Republic.
The transportation network in the Czech Republic is very dense. In the scope of the European Union, the Czech Republic holds primacy in the density of its railway network, which has 120 kilometres of rails for every 1,000 square kilometres of land. Road transport is the most preferred and most used type of transportation. More detailed description of the road network, railway system, air transport and waterways system can be found in the following article.
The development and publishing of standards in the Czech Republic is ensured by the Czech Office for Standards, Metrology and Testing UNMZ. It is the state administration body responsible for technical standardisation, metrology and testing and for tasks related to the harmonisation of Czech technical regulations and standards with the technical regulations of the European Community. UNMZ is a budgetary organisation subordinated to the Ministry of Industry and Trade.
The patents are granted for inventions that are new, involve an inventive step and are susceptible of industrial application. Besides new products and technologies also chemical substances, medicines and micro organisms used in industrial production, as well as biotechnological processes and products resulting from them can be patented. As opposed to this discoveries and/or scientific theories, computer programs, plant or animal varieties and the methods of medical treatment of human and animal body cannot be patented. A patent granted in the Czech Republic is valid for 20 years from the filing date of the application and its basic effect represents the right for the patentee to prevent anybody from its utilizing without his agreement. The authorization to work a patent is given by the license contract. The patent can be also sold. The case of patent infringement can be resolved by court.